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Bhogali Bihu Celebrations

Bhogali Bihu is the festival of the north-eastern state of India-Assam. This is very old festival which is celebrated in the month of January. January is the month when Farming and harvesting is over and all the farmers are free to celebrate and enjoy. Bhogali Bihu can be referred as the same festival named Makar Sankranti in which all the neighbours worship their tools using which they have earned their living for the season.


Bhogali Bihu festival is celebrated by community feasts, Buffalo fights, traditional dances, etc. As soon as farming and harvesting season is over all the farmers start preparing themselves for this big festival. The major event of this festival is bird fight. The farmers capture the birds around two weeks prior to the festival and then the train them for the fight. To capture the birds, people use various methods like bamboo traps, etc. Once the birds are captured people start training them for the fight and they also start feeding them with healthy and nutritious food so that they can become stronger for fighting.


On the day of fight birds are tied with a strong string on one of their legs and are set free to fight with other birds which are prepared by other people of the same community. The owner of the bird who wins the fight is awarded by the cash of Rs.2001 and the trophy. Once the match is over the owner of the birds set the birds free to go. This represents that the festival and the people have no intentions to harm them.


Sometimes, even Buffalo fights organized rather than bird fights. Also, sometimes both Buffalo fights and bird fights are organized altogether which totally depends on the moods of the owners. Whatever the fight may be, owners have to train their pets in order to win the cash of Rs.2001 or trophy which is the reward which is being awarded to the owner of the winning bird or Buffalo.


After the bird fight the program of community feasts starts during which all the community members gathered to dinner together. During this time various events like dancing singing and other healthy competitions are organized to entertain everybody.


All these celebrations and parties and bird fights are organized because the harvesting and farming season is over in the month of January and the fields are rich with the grains. Farmers know that there will be earning well in the season.



Note: Nowadays Bird fight, Buffalo fight tradition are stopped.