Which day is Sankranti
But Makar Sankranti is a festival which falls on the same day every year as it follows the solar calender.
However, once every eighty years, due to revolution, the day is postponed by one day. Thats why Makarsankranti is on Jan 15 this year.
Generally Makar Sankranti is celebrated on the 14th of January every year (sometimes on the 15th) for now. From 2050, it is predicted that the festival will fall on the 15th January (and occasionally on the 16th).
Before year 2000, internet was not available to everyone and the information about festival was not widely available. So Makarsankranti was celebrated mostly on Ja 14th.
Now the information & facts are available to everyone and it is celebrated on jan 14 or Jan 15.
What is Kirt Calendar
Based on the rical evidence Kirat calendar was started when King Yalamber conquered Kathmandu valley.
What are different Makarsankranti names
In AP, Tamilnadu Sankranti is 4 day Fesival
Day 1 – Bhogi (భోగి) (Andhra & Telangana only)
Day 2 – Makara Sankranti (మకర సంక్రాంతి-పెద్ద పండుగ)- the main festival day
Day 3 – Kanuma (కనుమ) (Andhra & Telangana only)
Day 4 — Mukkanuma (Andhra & Telangana only)
Visit to Pilgrimages on Sankranti
In Kerala, one of the most austere and difficult pilgrimages of Shabrimala ends on this auspicious day.
Other parts of the country too, celebrate by taking a dip in the holy rivers flowing through states to cleanse themselves of sins.
It is also believed that if a person die during Makar Sankranti day, person is not reborn but go directly to heaven. According to Mahabharata, Bhishma, who had the power to control his own death, happened to choose to die on the day of Maghe Sakranti (or Makar Sankranti). ince then it is a belief that one to die on this day will achieve Moksha, and will be released from rebirth cycle.
Tradition of flying kits
The tradition started in old days when Kite-flying was generally done in the early hours of the morning, when the sun's rays were bright but not too harsh.
Also, during kite-flying in Sun, the human body was exposed to the sun for many long hours.
The early morning sun rays is considered beneficial for the skin and body.
This is fun way to involve kids in religious festival so that they get benefit from sun rays.
Story of returning bird in valley
Day and night are equal on Sankranti
Story of Sun and Shani
there is tradition that father visit their son on Makarsankrant day
Tradition of eating Til, Gud
They are generally accompanied by the saying, "Til-gul ghya ani gud gud bola"
Festival fall in winter. This is perfect season to eat Til Gud.
Sankranti for women in Maharashtra
On this dayn married women are invited for a get-together called ‘Haldi-Kunku’ (literally meaning turmeric -vermillion) and given gifts such as utensils, clothes etc. On this day there is tradition of wearing Black sarees or black coloured outfits on this occasion.
The significance of wearing black is that Sankranti comes at the peak of the winter season and black colour retains and absorbs heat, helping keep warm.
It is believed that the sun ends its southward journey (Sanskrit: Dakshinayana) at the Tropic of Capricorn, and then starts moving northward (Sanskrit: Uttarayaana) towards the Tropic of Cancer, in the month of Pausha on this day in mid-January.
Sankranti in Nepal
On this day, the sun is believed to leave its southernmost position and begin its northward journey. Maghe Sankranti is similar to solstice festivals in other religious traditions.
Hindus take ritual baths during this festival, at auspicious river locations. These include Sankhamul on the Bagmati near Patan; In the Gandaki/Narayani river basin at Triveni near the Indian border, Devghat near Chitwan Valley and Ridi on the Kaligandaki; and in the Koshi River basin at Dolalghat on the Sun Koshi. Festive foods like laddoo, ghee and sweet potatoes are distributed. The mother of each household wishes good health to all family members.
As per Kirat community Maghe Sankranti denotes start of a new year which is called Yele Dhung. Based on the rical evidence Kirat calendar was started when King Yalamber conquered Kathmandu valley.
Detail essay on Sakranti
Sankranti is a word of Sanskrit language and it means transmigration of sun from one to another Rashi. Hence total 12 Sankranti falls a year but Sankranti festival means maker Sankranti when sun transmigrates from Dhanu to Makar Rashi. Makar Sankranti is celebrated on basis of solar calendar so its date remains same for years. It’s celebrated on 14th January every year. It’s basically a harvest festival and is celebrated with innumerable reasons and ways to celebrate all over the Indian Subcontinent.
The festival is known with many names like Makar Sankranti in Andra Pradesh, Sikkim, Goa, Bihar,Karnataka, Jharkhand, Bihar, Kerala, Orissa, Maharashtra, Manipur, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh; Uttarayan in Gujarat and Rajasthan; Maghi in Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana; Pongal in Tamilnadu, Magh Bihu or Bhogal Bihu in Assam valley; Shishur senkaraat in Kashmir valley; Makar Vilakku in Sabrimala Temple of Kerala.
This festival is celebrated in other countries also with different names like Maghi in Tharu people of Nepal and Maghe Sankranti in other people of Nepal; Songkran in Thailand, Pi Ma Lao in Laos; Thingyan in Myanmar; Moha Sangkran in Cambodia.
Significance of Makar Sankranti:
As we discussed that there are innumerable beliefs behind
celebration of this festival; Here are a few of them:
Its believed that Sun(Surya) visits the
house of his son Saturn(Shani) on this day and stays for a month.
Its believed that Day and Night for deities
are of 6 months and on Makar Sankranti day of Devtas starts so its also called
On this Day Lord Vishnu ended terror of
Asurs and buried their heads under Mandar Parvat. So this day signifies end of
On this day Maharaj Bhagirath finally
succeded in bringing river Ganga to the earth and performed Tarpan for 60000
suns of maharaj sagar who burnt to ashes at the ashram of Kapil muni. He
performed tarpan at Ganga sagar of present day and every year great fair is
organised there and thousands of people performs tarpan for their ancestors.
On this day Bhishma pitamah of Mahabharata
who was blessed with boon of ichcha mrityu decided to leave his mortal coil. He
was lying on bed of arrows till this day. Its believed that who dies in
Uttarayana becomes free from transmigration of soul.
Sikhs celebrates this day as Maghi. On this
day Guru Govind Singh discarded beydaava of 40 sikhs.
On this day its believed that donating clothes, eatables,
money to humans or grass to cows washes the earlier sins of human and god
blesses him with heaven after his or her death. Bath also has great significance
on this day and in many states its said “Raja ka daan aur praja ka snaan” means
donation by king and bath by common man carries equal importance. Til-Daan is
also a very popular practice on this day.
Games like Kite Flying and SItolia are very popular in Indian